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North Carolina, Person

Public Information Statement

Statement as of 7:05 AM EST on November 30, 2015

705 am EST Mon Nov 30, 2015

Winter weather preparedness week in North Carolina
November 29 through December 5, 2015

This week has been declared winter weather preparedness week in
North Carolina. All week long the National Weather Service will be
issuing informative messages to help you prepare for winter weather.
Each day we will cover a different topic. Today we will talk about
the anatomy of winter storms.

Winter weather is the most complex weather phenomena forecasters
face in North Carolina. Winter storms often seem to take on a
chaotic nature as rain turns into sleet, then to snow. It is this
mixture that forecasters contend with many times during the winter
season, as they work to keep the forecast on track and you prepared.

Winter storms bring significant and sometimes rapid changes in the
weather which greatly affects our lives and safety. Winter storms
can develop and last for just a few hours or linger for days. Some
of the worst winter storms in North Carolina that produced heavy
snow and ice have trapped people in their cars, and isolated
residents in their homes without utilities and other services for
over a week. Even small amounts of snow and ice can create havoc as
residents of Raleigh Learned on the afternoon of January 19, 2005
when just a half inch of snow froze onto major highways in the
middle of the day. The freezing of the snow onto the Road surface
resulted in hours of gridlock stranding many motorists and school
buses loaded with children for hours. Just a little bit of snow in
combination with very cold temperatures and the time of day can
create dangerous conditions crippling major cities.

Winter storms result from a variety of weather patterns. North
Carolina sits in the battleground between cold air from the north
and warm moist air from the south. The timing of the cold air
colliding with moisture streaming in from the Gulf of Mexico and
Atlantic Ocean typically dictates the type of precipitation you see
falling in your backyard. Geography also plays a large role in our
weather. The Appalachian Mountains to the west and the warm waters
of the Gulf Stream just off the coast both play vital roles in
winter storm development. The mountains act to pile up cold air over
the state while the warm waters of the Gulf Stream provide moisture
and lots of energy to winter storms.

The most common and dangerous weather systems which can produce snow
and ice are strong coastal low pressure systems known as
noreasters. Noreasters are low pressure systems which develop over
the ocean and track northeast along the coast. The reason North
Carolina waters are so favorable for noreaster development is due
to the proximity of the Gulf Stream. When cold air rushes out over
the ocean and the Gulf Stream, a very unstable and volatile
situation is created. When this instability combines with the jet
stream in the upper levels of the atmosphere, a massive low pressure
system known as a noreaster can develop. This was the case ten
years ago in January of 2000 when Raleigh received 18 to 24 inches
of snow in less than 24 hours.

Cold air damming typically impacts the central and western portions
of the state. This occurs when cold high pressure over New York and
Pennsylvania pushes cold air south into the Carolinas. This cold air
is heavy and piles up against the mountains as it rushes south. The
mountains act as a dam causing the cold air to deepen across the
Piedmont and sometimes as far east as the coastal plain. When
lighter, warm moist air coming up from the south overruns the cold
air at the surface, freezing rain, sleet and snow can result. This
was the scenario which crippled central North Carolina with an inch
of freezing rain in December 2002.

Winter storms such as these can make driving and walking extremely
dangerous. The aftermath of a major winter storm can have a
devastating impact on a community or an entire region for days,
weeks, or even months. Winter storms are considered to be deceptive
killers because most deaths are indirectly related to the storm.
People die in traffic accidents on icy roads, have heart attacks
while shoveling snow, or succumb to fires or Carbon monoxide while
trying the heat their home improperly.

Additional information on winter weather preparedness can be
obtained on-line through the North Carolina department of emergency
management home Page. The url is:


up-to-date weather information is available on-line from the
following National Weather Service sites serving North Carolina (all
urls in lower case):

NWS Raleigh NC- http://weather.Gov/rah
NWS Wilmington NC - http://weather.Gov/ilm
NWS Newport/Morehead City NC - http://weather.Gov/mhx
NWS Wakefield VA - http://weather.Gov/akq
NWS Blacksburg VA - http://weather.Gov/rnk
NWS Greenville/Spartanburg SC - http://weather.Gov/gsp

National Weather Service winter weather preparedness home Page -

Weather Severe Map
Alabama - Dense Fog Advisory , Record Report
Arizona - Freeze Warning, Freeze Watch , Special Statement
Arkansas - Flood Warning , Record Report
California - High Surf Advisory , Frost Advisory , Freeze Warning , Freezing Rain Advisory , Special Statement , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Colorado - Public Information Statement
Florida - Coastal Hazard Statement , Dense Fog Advisory , Beach Hazard Statement
Georgia - Flood Warning , Hydrologic Statement , Public Information Statement
Hawaii - High Surf Advisory , Wind Advisory
Idaho - Air Stagnation Advisory , Record Report
Illinois - Flood Warning , Flood Advisory , Special Statement
Iowa - Flood Warning , Winter Weather Advisory , Winter Storm Warning , Special Statement
Kansas - Areal Flood Warning , Winter Weather Advisory , Winter Storm Warning , Public Information Statement
Kentucky - Record Report
Louisiana - Flood Warning , Dense Fog Advisory , Record Report
Michigan - Special Statement
Minnesota - Winter Weather Advisory , Winter Storm Warning
Mississippi - Flood Warning
Missouri - Flood Warning , Areal Flood Warning
Montana - Freezing Fog Advisory
Nebraska - Winter Weather Advisory , Winter Storm Warning , Public Information Statement
North Carolina - Record Report , Public Information Statement
North Dakota - Winter Weather Advisory , Special Statement
Oklahoma - Flood Warning , Winter Weather Advisory , Record Report
Oregon - Freezing Rain Advisory , Special Statement , Record Report
South Carolina - Flood Warning , Public Information Statement
South Dakota - Winter Weather Advisory , Winter Storm Warning , Special Statement
Tennessee - Flood Warning , Areal Flood Watch , Hydrologic Statement , Record Report
Texas - Flood Warning , Flood Warning, Areal Flood Warning , Areal Flood Warning , Dense Fog Advisory , Record Report
Virginia - Areal Flood Watch , Record Report , Public Information Statement
Washington - Air Stagnation Advisory, Dense Fog Advisory , Air Stagnation Advisory , Special Statement , Record Report
West Virginia - Record Report , Public Information Statement
Wisconsin - Winter Weather Advisory
Wyoming - High Wind Watch , Record Report
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